HVAC-R Solutions
air conditioner maintenance

How Does an Air Conditioner Work?

Graphene Manufacturing Group explains how air conditioners work, and how you can improve their performance.

Many businesses depend on their air conditioning systems to keep staff and customers cool and comfortable. But have you ever wondered exactly how these systems can convert indoor heat into cool air?

In this blog, we explain how air conditioners work their magic, common problems that can occur when running them, and tips for keeping your system operating at peak performance.

How Does an Air Conditioner Work?

Air conditioners work by using a refrigeration cycle to cool or heat air. Here are the main steps in the refrigeration cycle that allow these systems to produce cool air:

  1. Compression – The refrigerant starts in a gaseous state. The compressor compresses the refrigerant gas, raising its pressure and temperature.
  2. Condensation – The hot compressed refrigerant gas moves through coils that allow heat to dissipate, condensing the gas into a sub cooled liquid.
  3. Expansion – The liquid refrigerant passes through an expansion valve controlling the rate at which liquid refrigerant flows into the evaporator, lowering its pressure and temperature.
  4. Evaporation – The low-pressure liquid refrigerant moves through an evaporator coil, absorbing heat from the surrounding air. This change from liquid back into gas cools the coil and the air blowing past it.
  5. Repeat – The refrigerant gas loops back to the compressor to repeat the refrigeration cycle. Continuous cycling cools or heats and dehumidifies or humidifies the indoor air blown past the evaporator, creating the air conditioning effect.

The refrigeration cycle leverages changes between liquid and gas states to absorb and dissipate heat, cooling the surrounding air.

Common Issues Experienced by Air Conditioning Systems

Some common issues that can occur when running your air condition systems include…

• Not Cooling Properly – If your AC is no longer able to keep your home or business at the temperature you have set, there may be a number of reasons for this including that your AC may have deteriorated due to wear and tear,
• Frequent maintenance or replacement – Especially for coastal locations, air conditioning units may need maintenance or replacement frequently thanks to the development of corrosion caused by salt.
• Higher Power Bills – If your electricity bills for cooling start spiking, your air conditioner may be inefficient due to a lack of maintenance.

Many of these maintenance issues that occur over time can be avoided by applying a graphene coating to your air conditioning system.

Reducing Maintenance Requirements with THERMAL-XR®

At Graphene Manufacturing Group, we have developed a revolutionary graphene-based coating called THERMAL-XR® specifically designed to improve the longevity of air conditioning systems.

When applied to key components like the evaporator coils and condenser coils, THERMAL-XR® prevents corrosion and build-up of debris on the coils. This minimises efficiency loss over time and extends the lifespan of air conditioning units by protecting components from wear and tear, and rust.

To boost your system’s performance and avoid unnecessary air conditioner maintenance costs by applying THERMAL-XR® to your air conditioning units! Contact us today to learn more.